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Russo-Ukrainian Peace Deal - Initial Draft
What are your thoughts?
Here is an initial peace plan I wrote up for Russia and Ukraine. Thoughts?
In order to avoid further death and destruction and to promote peace and prosperity, an international agreement should be signed by all parties involved in the Russo-Ukrainian War, including Russia, Ukraine, the United States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Switzerland, Belarus, India, Iran, North Korea, China, Donetsk, and Luhansk. The Russo-Ukrainian Peace Council shall be created to enforce the terms of this accord, and each side of the war shall be granted equal representation. Representation in the Council shall be distributed at twenty-five percent weight to the Ukrainian government, twenty-five percent weight to the Russian government, twenty-five percent weight to NATO and other countries allying with Ukraine, and twenty-five percent weight to the Donbass separatist factions and other countries allying with Russia.
Upon implementation of the deal, all hostilities shall be halted, and any violation thereof shall require compensation by the violator to the victims, as determined by the Council. If a consensus cannot be reached, a rotating panel of three neutral nations or impartial diplomats shall have the authority to calculate damages, but the sum shall not exceed what a reasonable and impartial person would consider fair based on the circumstances.
All economic sanctions related to the war effort shall be terminated, and there shall be no financial discrimination or political retribution committed by Ukrainian or Russian allies for past crimes or acts of war. Likewise, Ukraine and Russia shall not commit retributive acts against Ukrainian or Russian allies, and all statuses in the banking and credit systems shall be restored back to the period prior to the war. All efforts shall be made to keep the transportation of grains and other agricultural products flowing in the international market, and neither side shall be permitted to hinder access to ports of entry or exit.
Crimea shall remain under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, but all ethnic groups, including the Tatars, shall enjoy dual citizenship of Russia and Ukraine and have the ability to freely travel and reside between both countries. The Ukrainian government shall be granted access to the port of Sevastopol, if the Verkhovna Rada determines such an arrangement to be necessary for the economic well-being of the country. In addition, Russia shall pay the Ukrainian government a specified sum of money, as determined by the Council, for the annexation of the territory. If a consensus cannot be reached, a rotating panel of three neutral nations or impartial diplomats shall have the authority to calculate the amount of the purchase.
Zaporizhzhia and Kherson (under their pre-2022 borders) shall remain under the jurisdiction of the Unitary Republic of Ukraine, but both oblasts shall be free to use Russian as their official language and worship in the traditional Orthodox religion. No violations of free speech or human rights shall be committed by Kiev, and both oblasts shall have the authority to legislate domestic affairs within the confines of Ukrainian law.
Donetsk and Luhansk (under their pre-2014 borders) shall remain under the jurisdiction of the Unitary Republic of Ukraine, but both oblasts shall be granted special autonomous status. The newly-formed Republics of Donetsk and Luhansk shall be free to create laws and set all domestic policies that are in the best interests of the citizens. Kiev shall not interfere with this arrangement, and it shall not have the authority to censor information or ban political parties and organizations, languages, or religions. Only certain constitutional mandates, matters of human rights and law enforcement related to the unitary government, and policies regarding military and foreign affairs shall be enforced against the republics’ governments. In two years, if the people of Donetsk and Luhansk decide that this arrangement does not fit their needs or that Kiev is not abiding by its obligations, a referendum for the purpose of secession may be conducted and monitored by the Council or other designated impartial international body. If the people decide that secession is the best course of action, the Donetsk Republic and the Luhansk Republic may form separate nation states or their own federation or confederation.
NATO troops and missiles shall not be permanently or temporarily deployed or based in Finland, Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania, or any non-NATO country. Russia shall not permanently or temporarily deploy or base troops and missiles in Belarus or within 200 miles of the Ukrainian or NATO borders, with the exception of the metropolitan areas of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Ukraine shall not become a member of NATO, nor shall NATO include it in military exercises or troop deployments.
Ukraine shall remain neutral in military and economic affairs, and any attempt to influence its direction one way or another shall be met with sanctions or other actions issued by the Council. Influence shall consist of attempted coups, deployment of covert agents, funding through governmental or non-governmental organizations, and supplying of weaponry and equipment; but this list is not exhaustive.
Ukraine may develop limited nuclear weapons of defensive nature and as a deterrent, as determined by established, altered, or newly-created international treaties, provided such weapons and technology come from a country other than Russia or one in NATO. The Council or other designated international body, such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), may inspect nuclear facilities in Ukraine to ensure compliance with treaties.
Russia shall pay, in a sum determined by the Council, reparations for the destruction of Ukrainian infrastructure and distress of the families of those fallen in the war. The Council shall send a proportional number of agents and experts from each weighted group to investigate the destruction and calculate the damages. If a consensus cannot be reached, final determinations may be made by a rotating panel of three neutral nations or impartial diplomats.
Upon implementation of this deal, a process for easing the refugee and humanitarian crisis shall be addressed by the Council, and no culpability of past actions shall be utilized in determining the outcome. Any orphans created from the war and transported to Russia, under the International Criminal Court's warrant, shall be returned to Ukraine, unless those children have established families and are deemed well taken care of and do not have direct family members left in Ukraine. Upon release of such children, the warrant against Russian officials shall be considered null and void. All prisoners of war shall be exchanged immediately and without consideration for the quantity or quality of captured military members or civilians.
The Council may appoint agents to monitor and protect nuclear power plants, or it may designate such assignment to the IAEA. Additionally, the Council may appoint agents to check research or military facilities to ensure that no weapons of biological or chemical nature remain in a usable state.
In an effort to avoid World War III, nuclear weapon exchanges, and continued suffering of the Ukrainian people, this agreement shall take effect immediately after ratification of two-thirds of the voting nations (or equivalents) listed below. None of these nations, or any other nations that participated in sanctioning or closing airspace to Ukraine or Russia, shall be classified as neutral for the purpose of this peace deal. Additional nations may be added to the appropriate voting group as needed.
Group A (weighted at 25% of the Council vote):
Group B (weighted at 25% of the Council vote):
· United States
· European Union (and all member states, including France, Germany, Spain, Sweden, Poland, Italy, and the Netherlands)
· NATO (and all member states, including Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Spain, Norway, Poland, Italy, the Netherlands, and Turkey)
· South Korea
· Saudi Arabia
· New Zealand
Group C (weighted at 25% of the Council vote):
Group D (weighted at 25% of the Council vote):
· Donetsk People's Republic
· Luhansk People's Republic
· South Africa
· North Korea